HPV is a vaccine to prevent cancer. Girls vaccinated against HPV have a 90% decreased risk of developing cervical cancer as compared to unvaccinated girls. We now know that the HPV vaccine can prevent almost 70% of throat cancers. The vaccine also can almost entirely eliminate the risk of genital warts. While not deadly, genital warts cause great emotional distress and are very difficult and painful to treat. The recommended schedule is for both girls and boys by vaccinated against HPV starting at age 11 or 12 but vaccine as young as 9 is allowable. For anyone not previously immunized against HPV, vaccine is recommended up to 26 years of age and in certain cases, after consultation with your health care provider, up to 45 years of age.